An essential metabolite in plants for growth and development. It may enhance formation of the plant hormone abscisic acid and thus produce greater yields of some plants.
Choline chloride is used as a substrate for choline acetyl transferase.
Substrate for choline acetyl transferase
|Alternate Names||(2-Hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium chloride|
|Application Notes||Choline chloride is used as a substrate for choline acetyl transferase.|
|Base Catalog Number||101386|
|Beilstein Registry Number||3563126|
|Biochemical Physiological Actions||The enzymatic activities of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1), two serum enzymes synthesized by the liver and related with inflammation, were decreased in a sepsis animal model injected with LPS. Choline chloride administered intravenously at 20 mg/kg body weight prevents the LPS-mediated decreases in the activities of these two enzymes.|
|Format||White Crystalline Powder|
|Melting Point||577 to 581° F (Decomposes) (NTP, 1992)|
|Personal Protective Equipment||dust mask, Eyeshields, Gloves|
|pH||4.7 (10% SOLN IN WATER)|
|Solubility||Very soluble (NTP, 1992)|