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Formic acid

Formic acid

Synonyms Methanoic Acid; Acide formique; Aminic Acid; Formylic Acid; Hydrogen Carboxylic Acid; Carboxylic acid C1

CAS Number: 64-18-6 Molecular Formula: CH2O2 Molecular Weight: 46.025 g/mol

Beilstein Registry Number: 1209246 EC Number: 200-579-1 MDL Number: MFCD00003297

SKU 02151162-CF
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Description

Product Description

Formic Acid

Application Notes

Formic acid is a reagent used for formylation, hydrolysis, and cyclocondensations. It has also been used in the dyeing of natural and synthetic fibers, feed and fodder preservation, leather tanning, the production of commercial cleaning products and in rubber coagulation. In organic synthesis, it has been used in the synthesis of such classes of compounds as coumarins, optically active styrene oxides, and polyamide oligomers based on 14-amino - 3,6,9,12 - tetraoxatetradecanoic acid. It can be used in the mobile phase for various LC-MS analytical methods, such as an LC-MS study of spiroketal stereoisomers of pectenotoxins and an LC/ESI-MS/UV photodiode arrary method for the analysis of flavonoid glycosides. A method to measure internal nucleoside triphosphate pools of lactococci that uses formic acid in the chromatographic separation has been described. The use of formic acid in the separation and detection of intact proteins by reversed-phase LC/ESI-MS by flow injection analysis has been reported.

Usage Statement

Unless specified otherwise, MP Biomedical's products are for research or further manufacturing use only, not for direct human use. For more information, please contact our customer service department.

Key Applications

Reducing agent

Specifications
SKU 02151162-CF
Alternate Names Methanoic Acid; Acide formique; Aminic Acid; Formylic Acid; Hydrogen Carboxylic Acid; Carboxylic acid C1
Application Notes Formic acid is a reagent used for formylation, hydrolysis, and cyclocondensations. It has also been used in the dyeing of natural and synthetic fibers, feed and fodder preservation, leather tanning, the production of commercial cleaning products and in rubber coagulation. In organic synthesis, it has been used in the synthesis of such classes of compounds as coumarins, optically active styrene oxides, and polyamide oligomers based on 14-amino - 3,6,9,12 - tetraoxatetradecanoic acid. It can be used in the mobile phase for various LC-MS analytical methods, such as an LC-MS study of spiroketal stereoisomers of pectenotoxins and an LC/ESI-MS/UV photodiode arrary method for the analysis of flavonoid glycosides. A method to measure internal nucleoside triphosphate pools of lactococci that uses formic acid in the chromatographic separation has been described. The use of formic acid in the separation and detection of intact proteins by reversed-phase LC/ESI-MS by flow injection analysis has been reported.
Auto Ignition 1114° F (USCG, 1999)
Base Catalog Number 151162
Beilstein Registry Number 1209246
Boiling Point 213.3° F at 760 mm Hg (NTP, 1992)
CAS # 64-18-6
Density 1.22 at 68° F (USCG, 1999)
Dielectric Constant 57.9 at 20 °C (Lit.)
EC Number 200-579-1
Flash Point 156° F (NTP, 1992)
Hazard Statements H226-H314
Melting Point 47.1° F (NTP, 1992)
Molecular Formula CH2O2
Molecular Weight 46.025 g/mol
Personal Protective Equipment Faceshields, Full-face respirator, Gloves, Goggles, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge, respirator filter
pKa 3.75 at 20 °C (Lit.)
Purity ≥97%
Refractive Index n20/D 1.370 (Lit.)
RTECS Number LQ4900000
Safety Symbol GHS02, GHS05
Solubility greater than or equal to 100 mg/mL at 70° F (NTP, 1992)
Usage Statement Unless specified otherwise, MP Biomedical's products are for research or further manufacturing use only, not for direct human use. For more information, please contact our customer service department.
Vapor Density 1.6 (NTP, 1992) (Relative to Air)
Vapor Pressure 35 mm Hg at 68° F ; 200 mm Hg at 142.5° F (NTP, 1992)