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Methotrexate USP and EP Grade
Methotrexate is a cell cycle arresting agent with varying effects. Methotrexate has been reported to arrest the cell cycle in late G1/S thus leading to the inhibition of the synthesis of DNA, RNA, thymidylates, and proteins. The main mechanism of action is reported to involve the inhibition of enzymes involved in purine metabolism which leads to the accumulation of adenosine or the suppression of intercellular adhesion molecule expression by T cells. Additionally, this compound has been observed to inhibit DHFR.
IBMX has been shown to be a potent, non-specific inhibitor of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate phosphodiesterase (cAMP PDE)4, significantly more effective than theophylline. Also inhibits cGMP phosphodiesterases. IBMX inhibits cyclic nucleotide PDE with subsequent inhibition of cyclic nucleotide hydrolysis, resulting in accumulation of cyclic AMP and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate.