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Risk and Safety Phrases
Hazard codes and Safety phrases are defined by the European Union Commission, Directive 2001/59/EC, for classification, packaging and labeling of dangerous substances. Please refer to the MSDS for complete safety and handling information.
 
Single Risk Phrases
 
  R1 Explosive when dry.   R34 Causes burns.  
  R2 Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.   R35 Causes severe burns.  
  R3 Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.   R36 Irritating to eyes.  
  R4 Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds.   R37 Irritating to respiratory system.  
  R5 Heating may cause an explosion.   R38 Irritating to skin.  
  R6 Explosive with or without contact with air.   R39 Danger of very serious irreversible effects.  
  R7 May cause fire.   R40 Possible risks of irreversible effects.  
  R8 Contact with combustible material may cause fire.   R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes.  
  R9 Explosive when mixed with combustible material.   R42 May cause sensitization by inhalation.  
  R10 Flammable.   R43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.  
  R11 Highly flammable.   R44 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.  
  R12 Extremely flammable.   R45 May cause cancer.  
  R14 Reacts violently with water.   R46 May cause heritable genetic damage.  
  R15 Contact with water liberates highly flammable gases.   R47 May cause birth defects.  
  R16 Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances.   R48 Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure.  
  R17 Spontaneously flammable in air.   R49 May cause cancer by inhalation.  
  R18 In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.   R50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms.  
  R19 May form explosive peroxides.   R51 Toxic to aquatic organisms.  
  R20 Harmful by inhalation.   R52 Harmful to aquatic organisms.  
  R21 Harmful in contact with skin.   R53 May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.  
  R22 Harmful if swallowed.   R54 Toxic to flora.  
  R23 Toxic by inhalation.   R55 Toxic to fauna.  
  R24 Toxic in contact with skin.   R56 Toxic to soil organisms.  
  R25 Toxic if swallowed.   R57 Toxic to bees.  
  R26 Very toxic by inhalation.   R58 May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment.  
  R27 Very toxic in contact with skin.   R59 Dangerous for the ozone layer.  
  R28 Very toxic if swallowed.   R60 May impair fertility.  
  R29 Contact with water liberates toxic gases.   R61 May cause harm to the unborn child.  
  R30 Can become highly flammable in use.   R62 Possible risk of impaired fertility.  
  R31 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.   R63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.  
  R32 Contact with acids liberates Very toxic gas.   R64 May cause harm to breastfed babies.  
  R33 Danger of cumulative effects.        
   
 
Multiple Risk Phrases
 
  R14/15 Reacts violently with water liberating highly flammable gases.   R39/26/28 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.  
  R2 Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.   R35 Causes severe burns.  
  R15/29 Contact with water liberates toxic, highly flammable gas.   R39/27/28 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.   R39/26/27/28 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.   R40/20 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation.  
  R20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R40/21 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin.  
  R21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R40/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed.  
  R23/24 Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.   R40/20/21 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.  
  R23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.   R40/20/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.  
  R23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R40/21/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R24/25 Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R40/20/21/22 Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R26/27 Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.   R42/43 May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.  
  R26/28 Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.   R48/20 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.  
  R26/27/28 Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R48/21 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin.  
  R27/28 Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R48/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.  
  R36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.   R48/20/21 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.  
  R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin.   R48/20/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.  
  R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.   R48/21/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R37/38 Irritating to respiratory system and skin.   R48/20/21/22 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R39/23 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.   R48/23 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.  
  R39/24 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin.   R48/24 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin.  
  R39/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.   R48/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.  
  R39/23/24 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.   R48/23/24 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.  
  R39/23/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.   R48/23/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.  
  R39/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R48/24/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R39/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.   R48/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.  
  R39/26 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.   R50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.  
  R39/27 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin.   R51/53 Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.  
  R39/28 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.   R52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.  
  R39/26/27 Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.        
   

 

 
Single Safety Phrases
 
  S1 Keep locked up.   S35 This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.  
  S2 Keep out of the reach of children.   S36 Wear suitable protective clothing.  
  S3 Keep in a cool place.   S37 Wear suitable gloves.  
  S4 Keep away from living quarters.   S38 In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.  
  S5 Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer).   S39 Wear eye/face protection.  
  S6 Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer).   S40 To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material, use ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S7 Keep container tightly closed.   S41 In case of fire and/or explosion, do not breathe fumes.  
  S8 Keep container dry.   S42 During fumigation/spraying, wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.   S43 In case of fire, use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk, add - Never use water).  
  S12 Do not keep container sealed.   S44 If you feel unwell, seek medical advice (show the label where possible). No longer used.  
  S13 Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs.   S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).  
  S14 Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).   S46 If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.  
  S15 Keep away from heat.   S47 Keep at temperature not exceeding ...C (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.   S48 Keep wetted with ... (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S17 Keep away from combustible material.   S49 Keep only in the original container.  
  S18 Handle and open container with care.   S50 Do not mix with ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S20 When using do not eat or drink.   S51 Use only in well-ventilated areas.  
  S21 When using do not smoke.   S52 Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas.  
  S22 Do not breathe dust .   S53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.  
  S23 Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer).   S54 Obtain the consent of pollution control authorities before discharging to wastewater treatment plants. No longer used.  
  S24 Avoid contact with skin.   S55 Treat using the best available techniques before discharge into drains or the aquatic environment. No longer used.  
  S25 Avoid contact with eyes.   S56 Dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point.  
  S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.   S57 Use appropriate container to avoid environmental contamination.  
  S27 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.   S58 To be disposed of as hazardous waste. No longer used.  
  S28 After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).   S59 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling.  
  S29 Do not empty into drains.   S60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.  
  S30 Never add water to this product.   S61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.  
  S33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges.   S62 If swallowed do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.  
  S34 Avoid shock and friction. No longer used.        
   

 

 
Single Safety Phrases
 
  S1 Keep locked up.   S35 This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.  
  S2 Keep out of the reach of children.   S36 Wear suitable protective clothing.  
  S3 Keep in a cool place.   S37 Wear suitable gloves.  
  S4 Keep away from living quarters.   S38 In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.  
  S5 Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer).   S39 Wear eye/face protection.  
  S6 Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer).   S40 To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material, use ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S7 Keep container tightly closed.   S41 In case of fire and/or explosion, do not breathe fumes.  
  S8 Keep container dry.   S42 During fumigation/spraying, wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.   S43 In case of fire, use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk, add - Never use water).  
  S12 Do not keep container sealed.   S44 If you feel unwell, seek medical advice (show the label where possible). No longer used.  
  S13 Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs.   S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).  
  S14 Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).   S46 If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.  
  S15 Keep away from heat.   S47 Keep at temperature not exceeding ...C (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.   S48 Keep wetted with ... (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S17 Keep away from combustible material.   S49 Keep only in the original container.  
  S18 Handle and open container with care.   S50 Do not mix with ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S20 When using do not eat or drink.   S51 Use only in well-ventilated areas.  
  S21 When using do not smoke.   S52 Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas.  
  S22 Do not breathe dust .   S53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.  
  S23 Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer).   S54 Obtain the consent of pollution control authorities before discharging to wastewater treatment plants. No longer used.  
  S24 Avoid contact with skin.   S55 Treat using the best available techniques before discharge into drains or the aquatic environment. No longer used.  
  S25 Avoid contact with eyes.   S56 Dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point.  
  S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.   S57 Use appropriate container to avoid environmental contamination.  
  S27 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.   S58 To be disposed of as hazardous waste. No longer used.  
  S28 After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).   S59 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling.  
  S29 Do not empty into drains.   S60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.  
  S30 Never add water to this product.   S61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.  
  S33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges.   S62 If swallowed do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.  
  S34 Avoid shock and friction. No longer used.        
   
 
Multiple Safety Phrases
 
  R1 Explosive when dry.   R34 Causes burns.  
  S3/7 Keep container tightly closed in a cool place.   S24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.  
  S3/9 Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place. No longer used.   S36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.  
  S3/7/9 Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. No longer used.   S36/39 Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection.  
  S3/9/14 Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).   S37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.  
  S3/9/49 Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place.   S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.  
  S3/9/14/49 Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).   S47/49 Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding ...C (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S3/14 Keep in a cool place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).   S3/7 Keep container tightly closed in a cool place.  
  S7/8 Keep container tightly closed and dry.   S7/47 Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding ...C (to be specified by the manufacturer).  
  S7/9 Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place.   S29/56 Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point.